Muḩāfaz̧at Dimashq, commonly known as Damascus, is the capital city of Syria, and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. The city is renowned for its rich history, distinctive architecture and vibrant culture. From a climatological perspective, Damascus experiences a semi-arid climate with a mixture of Mediterranean influences.
Given its geographical location and topography, Damascus experiences a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa). This is characterized by hot and dry summers, mild and wet winters, as well as short transitional seasons.
Overall, Damascus' climate is marked by a clear contrast between summer and winter seasons, with a notable difference in precipitation and temperature patterns.
Seasonal Weather Patterns
1. Summer (June - September)
Summers in Damascus are typically hot and dry. The average high temperature during the peak summer months (July and August) can reach up to 37°C (98.6°F), while the average low temperature is around 22°C (71.6°F). Rainfall is extremely rare during this period, contributing to the arid conditions.
2. Winter (December - February)
Contrastingly, winters in Damascus are generally mild and wet. The average high temperature during the coldest month (January) is approximately 12°C (53.6°F), and the average low is around 2°C (35.6°F). This season witnesses the highest precipitation levels, with an average rainfall of up to 55mm in January.
3. Spring and Autumn
Spring (March - May) and Autumn (October - November) are the transitional seasons in Damascus. During these periods, the weather is generally pleasant, with moderate temperatures and relatively low humidity levels. The average high temperature during these seasons is around 22°C (71.6°F), while the average low is about 10°C (50°F).
Annual Weather Statistics
|Average High Temperature||25°C (77°F)|
|Average Low Temperature||11°C (52°F)|
|Average Annual Rainfall||250mm|
In conclusion, Damascus experiences robust climatic variability throughout the year, with a striking contrast between its hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. This climate, coupled with the city’s rich historical and cultural heritage, makes Damascus a unique and fascinating place to explore.
- Climate-Data.org. (n.d.). Damascus Climate. Retrieved from https://en.climate-data.org/asia/syrian-arab-republic/damascus/damascus-14/
- Weather Atlas. (n.d.). Damascus, Syria - Detailed climate information and monthly weather forecast. Retrieved from https://www.weather-atlas.com/en/syria/damascus-climate
A - Damascus Governorate's Latitude is 33.500000 & Longitude is 36.299999.
A - Weather in Damascus Governorate is 23° today.
A - Climate Conditions in Damascus Governorate shows clear sky today.
A - Humidity in Damascus Governorate is 27% today.
A - Wind speed in Damascus Governorate is 14.58 km/h, flowing at 296° wind direction. today.